Proportion of Aerobic / Anaerobic Production of Energy (ATP)

Duration of Maximal Exercise % Anaerobic % Aerobic  
1-3 sec 100 0
 
10 sec 90 10
   
30 sec 80 20
   
1 min 70 30
   
2 min 60 40
   
4 min 35 65
   
10 min 15 85
   
30 min 5 95
   
1 hour 2 98
   
2 hours 1 99
   

 

Aerobic exercise refers to exercise that involves or improves oxygen consumption by the body. Aerobic means “with oxygen”, and refers to the use of oxygen in the body’s metabolic or energy-generating process.


Anaerobic exercise is intense activity requiring energy production without using oxygen. Anaerobic means in the absence of oxygen.
Brooks G, Fahey T, White T (1996). Exercise Physiology: Human Bioenergetics and Its Applications. Mountain View: CA, Mayfield.

Mole P, (1983). Exercise metabolism. In Exercise Medicine: Physiological Principles and Clinical Application. New York: Accademic Press.

 


 

Energy Systems for Selected Sports

% ATP Contribution by Energy Systems
Sport/Activity ATP-PC Glycolisis Aerobic  
 Baseball 80 15 5
     
 Basketball 80 10 10
     
 Field hockey 60 20 20
     
 Football 90 10 0
   
 Golf (swing) 100 0 0
 
 Gymnastics 90 10 0
   
 Ice hockey 80 20 0
   
 Rowing 20 30 50
     
 Soccer 60 20 20
     
 Diving 98 2 0
   
 Swim (50m) 95 5 0
   
 Swim (100m) 80 20 0
   
 Swim (200m) 30 65 5
     
 Swim (400m) 20 40 40
     
 Swim (1.5km) 10 20 70
     
 Tennis 70 20 10
     
 Field Events 90 10 0
   
 Run 400m 40 55 5
     
 Run 800m 10 60 30
     
 Run 1.5km 5 35 60
     
 Run 5km 2 28 70
     
 Marathon 0 2 98
   
 Volleyball 90 10 0
   
 Wrestling 45 55 0
   

ATP(adenosine-triphosphate)-the major source of usable chemical energy in metabolism

GlycolysisThe cellular degradation of the simple sugar glucose to yield ATP as an energy source

Aerobic– refers to exercise that involves or improves oxygen consumption by the body. Aerobic means “with oxygen”, and refers to the use of oxygen in the body’s metabolic or energy-generating process.